Passchendaele – in memory of John and Walter

Watching the ceremony at the Menin Gate tonight to commemorate 100 years since the start of one of the bloodiest battles of WW1 brings back emotional memories of my visit to the area in 2002. During my trip to many of the war graves I was privileged to lay five poppy wreaths at the various sites to thank and acknowledge various ancestors who gave up their young lives for our future.

This article is about two of the soldiers I laid wreaths for, John William Whitfield, my late husband’s Great Uncle, and Walter James Keevill, my Great Uncle. They both died during the Battle of Passchendale (Third Battle of Ypres) – John dying on 9th October and Walter on the 10th October 1917.  I have no knowledge if they met. They have no known graves and are commemorated with honour at the Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing alongside another 35,000 soldiers. Tyne Cot also has 11,961 graves, of which 8,373 contain unidentified soldiers.

The month of July this year has brought a lot of rain, which in my mind is very fitting as our lads had to contend with very wet weather and lots and lots of mud. Please take a moment to read through the war diaries (link below) of the 42nd Battalion (Walter James Keevill) which mentions the weather several times.

JOHN WILLIAM WHITFIELD Private 15182, 10th Battalion Duke of Welligton (West Riding division). Killed in action 9th October, 1917, near Passchendaele aged 26. Remembered with honour on the Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing.

John William Whitfield

Initially his parents, Thomas and Sarah Whitfield, were informed he was wounded and missing on 9th October 1917.

Heartbreakingly a month later they place a newspaper advert asking for information.

Mr and Mrs T Whitfield, of Linton, inform us that their son, Private John William Whitfield, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, was officially reported wounded in France on October 9th last, and that they have heard no further news of him. If any of his comrades see this announcement and can throw any light on this matter, they would be doing a kindly act if they will communicate with the anxious parents.

In September 1918, nearly a year after he was reported wounded and missing the family receive news that he was officially killed on that date.

War Records – There appears to be some confusion in that although John was in the 10th Battalion, Duke of Wellington (West Riding division), his death certificate states he was in the 8th Battalion.

The 10th Battalion were in the 69th Brigade, 23rd Division. They were not involved in the fighting of 9th October 1917 – The Battle of Poelcapelle (a ‘battle’ within the ‘Battle of Passchendaele’ as the Third Ypres came to be called.

The 8th Battalion were involved that day, as part of the 3nd Brigade, 11th Division.

On Tuesday 9th October 1917 ( a clear day, no rainfall, temperature 53 degrees (F), the 11th Division attacked at 5.20a.m. with one brigade.

With the 6th Green Howards (32 Brigade) and the 9th West Yorkshire Regiment – advancing to the left of the village of Poelkapelle. The Green Howards initially met little resistance in the village but on nearing the fork in the road opposite the Brewery, they came under heavy fire from Meunier House and from the direction of Stirling House. They cleared a number of pillboxes northwest of the Brewery. These could not be held and a line was established a short distance in the rear.

At 11.15 a.m. the 8th Duke of Wellington’s were brought up in close support.

The West Yorks encountered enfilade* fire from the village and took severe casualties. Seeing the Green Howards pulling back, they too fell back and eventually established a line near their assembly position. The 6th Lincolns were brought in line between Pheasant Farm and Retour Crossroads.

On Wednesday, 10th October, 1917, the 11th Division were relieved by the 18th Division. Too late for John who had died the day before.

*enfilade – a volley of gunfire directed along a line from end to end.

LINTON SOLDIER’S SACRIFICE (extract from local newspaper 6th September 1918) News has been received from the record Office, York, by Mr. & Mrs. T. W. Whitfield, Linton, that their son, Sapper J.W. Whitfield, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, reported wounded and missing on the 9th October, 1917 is now officially stated to have been killed on that date. He voluntarily enlisted, thinking it his duty to fight for his Country, in January 1915. After being trained at different camps in England, he was, in August, 1915, drafted to France. After serving in the trenches for some months he was transferred to the Engineers (as platelayer) where he remained until taken back to his old regiment in September 1917. He was 25 years of age, and a genial disposition which made him a great favourite in the village, where he will be much missed. His letters home were always bright and cheerful. Great sympathy is felt for the parents and family. Previous to joining the Army he was employed on the Yorkshire Dales Railway as a platelayer on the Rylstone section. WW1 Commemorative Scroll He whom this scroll commemorates was numbered among those who, at the call of King and Country, left all that was dear to them, endured hardness, faced danger, and finally passed out of the sight of men by the path of duty and self sacrifice, giving up their own lives that others might live in freedom. Let those who come after see to it that his name be not forgotten. Pte. John William Whitfield W. Riding Regt.

On 10 October 1919 – amongst 4 memorial notices in the paper, one reads as follows: WHITFIELD – In memory of a dear comrade, Private J. W. Whitfield, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, who fell in action on October 9th 1917. You did your duty nobly well and glad the price did pay; And in the years that are to be Your memory will remain. Inserted by Sapper P. Heyburn (on Service)

A year later the wording has changed to

WHITFIELD – In loving memory of a dear comrade, Private J. W. Whitfield, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, who was reported wounded and missing October 9th, 1917, later reported killed on that date. The peaceful sleep of Death is his in battlefields afar; with his young life he dearly paid The dreadful toll of war. Inserted by P. Hepburn, Longstone, Slateford, Midlothian

There is also a photograph and entry in the book Craven’s Roll of Honour page 288 – copy of the book is in my possession.


WALTER JAMES KEEVILL Staff Sergeant T876 (Armourer) Royal Army Ordnance Corps attached to 42nd Brigade R.F.A. Killed in action on Wednesday 10th October 1917,         aged 31. Remembered with honour on the Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing.

Mentioned in dispatches – unsure as to why and there seems to be no information on his medal record.

War Diaries – link below

Staff Sergeant in the Royal Army Ordnance Corps

Life before the war

John William Whitfield was born 15 June 1891 at Lower Heights, Skyerthorns, North Yorkshire, being baptised a few months later at the Primitive Methodist Church, Grassington.  His parents, Thomas William and Sarah Hogg Whitfield had 6 children, with John being 4th in line and the only boy. Florence (know as Flossie and my late husband’s Paternal Grandma) his youngest sister had the same birthday as John, 15th June. Consequently she never liked to celebrate her birthday.

1901 Census – Linton in Craven
• Thomas Whitfield, Head, M, 41, Navvy, Scrafton
• Sarah Ann Whitfield, Wife, M, 38, Scrafton
• Vina Whitfield, Daug, 12, Scrafton
• Elizabeth Whitfield, Daug, 11, Skirethorns
• John William Whitfield, Son, 9, Skirethorns
• Harriet Whitfield, Daug, 4, Linton
RG13 piece 4035 folio 30 page 3

1911 Census – Linton Skipton
• Thomas Whitfield Head 50 Married Railway Fencer M.R.C. worker Yorkshire West Scrafton
• Sarah A Whitfield Wife 49 Married 6 6 Yorkshire Caldberg
• John W Whitfield Son 20 Single Railway Platelayer M. Rly. Co. worker Yorkshire Linton
• Harriet Whitfield Daughter 14 School Yorkshire Linton
• Florence Whitfield Daughter 6 School Yorkshire Linton


Walter James Keevill was born 26th December 1885 at Boston Rod, Hanwell, Middlesex. His parents Henry John and Elizabeth Keevill had 8 children of which Walter was the 5th oldest.  My Grandmother Daisy, was his youngest sister.

1891 Census – 44 Maynard Street, Leicester
• Henry Keevill, Head, M, 34, Manager Shoe Mercury, London, Paddington
• Elizabeth J, Keevill, Wife, M, 39, London, Paddington
• Amy E Keevill, Daur, 13, Shoe Fitter, London, Islington
• Alice H Keevill, Daur, 11, scholar(half time) Elastic Web Weaver, London, Paddington
• Henry J Keevill, Son, 9, Scholar, Middlesex, Hanwell
• Herbert E. Keevill, Son, 7, Scholar, Middlesex, Hanwell
• Walter J. Keevill, Son, 5, Scholar, Middlesex, Hanwell
• Elsie A. Keevill, Daur, 3, Scholar, London, Paddington
• Lily E. Keevill, Daur, 1, Leicester
RG12 piece 2527 ecclesiastical parish of St Saviours

1901 Census – 18 Curzon Street, Leicester
• Henry Keevill, Head, M, 45, Cashier Commercial, London, Paddington
• Elizabeth J. Keevill, Wife, M, 48, London Paddington
• Alice H. Keevill, Daug, S, 21, Hosiery Seamer, London, Paddington
• Henry J. Keevill, Son, S, 19, Railway Clerk, Middlesex, Hanwell
• Herbert E. Keevill, Son, S, 17, Cigar Bundler & Sorter, Middlesex, Hanwell
• Walter J. Keevill, Son, S, 15, Hosiery Machinist Fitter, Middlesex, Hanwell
• Elsie A. Keevill, Daug, S, 13, Book Binder, London, Paddington
• Lily E. Keevill, Daug, S, 11, School girl, Leicester
• Daisy E. Keevill, Daug, S, 9, School girl, Leicester
• Priscilla Keevill, Stepmother, W, 68, Pembroke, St. Tissles
RG13 piece 2991, folio 145, page 4, ecclesiastical parish of St. Lukes

In 1909 Walter married a Beatrice Ellen Sharpe. On the 1911 census they are living together at 62 Walton Street, Leicester. Also listed is a Dora Keevill Sharpe, aged 4 and scribbled underneath is the comment ‘commonly known as Dora Keevill’. I believe this may be a child they had out of wedlock some two years before they married. Dora’s birth appears twice in the General Register Office index, once as Dora Sharpe and once as Dora Keevill.  Dora went on to marry a Francis Southwell in 1930.

Beatrice, Walters wife, died in 1966, aged 79 having never married again.

For more information on Passchendaele go to

Sad case of Thomas Knighton – Aged 11

The sad case of Thomas Knighton, killed whilst leaving the coal mine to go home. Aged 11. Thomas was my Great Great Grandfather, Moses Knighton’s, nephew.

The coroner reported a case of ‘accidentally killed’. The main witness appears to have been Joseph Sisson. During his evidence he explained that there are two methods to leave a pit – either by a chain winch contraption or a box you stepped into.  The safest method is known to be via the chains. This was operated by a ‘whimsey-man’.

On the day in question Thomas and his brother (unnamed in the report so not sure which one) were preparing to leave the pit and the deceased and his brother choose the box to travel in. Whilst they were travelling up to the surface of the mine the descending chain fell into the box. The brother called out to the whimsey-man to pull the descending chain out of the box. However before the chain was fully out of the box Thomas shouted it was OK. The whimsey-man then immediately lowered the chain and that action capsized the box.

The deceased fell to the bottom, but his brother managed to link his arm through the chain and hold on – he was drawn safely to the surface.

Thomas suffered terrible injuries from the fall. The witness said he only stirred once and was ‘quite dead’ within 5 minutes.

His body was carried to the top of the pit and then carried home by a Samuel Haywood. I don’t want to imagine the family dealing with the trauma of the event.

Whimsey or Whim was a winding mechanism for carrying men and materials up and down the mine shafts. The Men or Man employed in this operation were known as whimsey-men. (Info from

Joseph Sissons
Joseph says it was safer to go up n the chain than the box but it was not his business to make men go up in the tackle. Thomas was 11 years old.

Messrs Barber, Walker & Co
Thomas was killed at the mine of Barber, Walker and Co at Eastwood, Nottingham. It was owned by Sir Philip Barber – often referred to as Major Barber.

Thomas Knighton born 1828 – 1839
Thomas was the 5th child of Sampson and Elizabeth Knighton (nee Caley). He had 5 sisters and 4 brothers.  It is difficult to determine which brother was working down the pit with him.  His elder brother was William was born in 1824 or Robert who was born in 1830 seem the most likely.

1841 Census
So far have only been able to locate one Sampson Knighton (coal miner) living with a Robert 10 and Isaac  6 (his sons) – Are all the other children away from home or have they died?

More research is clearly needed.

The Workhouse

Many of you researching will find a link to an ancestor that spent time in the Workhouse. Below are various websites with regard to workhouses together with a link to a newspaper article printed today about Bolton Workhouse and a memorial in honour of the paupers buried there. ( links at the bottom of the post).

I have also included some personal information about my ancestors who both died in the workhouse. It is to be noted that both had professions.


My 4x Great Grandfather George Pearson who died in a workhouse aged 58.

1841 – Windmill Lane, Foleshill

  • George Pearson, 40, Baker
  • Mary Pearson, 40
  • George Pearson, 15
  • Henry Pearson, 10
  • Louisa Pearson, 5
  • Sarah, 4

1851 – New Road, Foleshill

  • Joseph Hilton, Head, Mar, 62, Silk Winder, Foleshill, Warwick
  • Phoebe Hilton, Wife, Mar, 62, Silk Winder, Foleshill, Warwick
  • Francis Hilton, Son, U, 24, Silk Winder, Foleshill, Warwick
  • Wm Clarke, Lodger, U, 25, Brick Maker, Streeton, Warwick
  • George Pearson, Lodger, Widower, 60, Baker, Sowe, Warwick
  • Benjm Gilbert, Lodger. U, 28, Silk Cleaner, Foleshill, Warwick
  • H0107 piece 2066 folio 271 page 4

Despite the discrepancy in the age difference between the two census returns – rather than 10 years showing 20 it should be remembered that in 1841 the ages were rounded up or down by 5 years and actually he was around 45
So I do believe they are the same person – the profession is correct and the place of birth is correct.

Notes – 17th June 2011
On checking an online transcription of St Lawrence Church, Foleshill burial records a George Pearson is listed as being buried 5th September 1852. His age is given as 60 and place of death Foleshill Workhouse.

I called at the Nuneaton Registry Office who have the registry books for Foleshill. The lady said she had two George Pearsons (both as Bakers) listed for around that date and went off to check the registry book itself. She bought it back to say it would appear that the same person have been listed twice, a very rare occurrence.

The first entry the informant is the surgeon, the second entry the informant is the master of the workhouse. She let me look at the entries for these dates so I could decide which copy to order. What was striking is that on the page where the informant is the Master of the workhouse – there are five entries for the workhouse, all with the same cause of death ‘ diarrhoea’. I can only assume that there was either a food poisoning outbreak or a stomach bug.

Dying in the workhouse must be a very sad ending to ones life. Do the family get informed?

Notes – 24th June 2011
Extracted from Foleshill Warwickshire Minute Books, kept at The Herbert History Centre, Coventry

1st September 1852
The Guardian called the attention of Mr Richard Rudland the medical officer of Foleshill Workhouse to the cases of diarrhoea in the house and requested his opinion as to having further medical afsistance which he thought unnecessary as the inmates were all very old and everything was being done for them that could be required.

Rev Henry Bellaird

My 4x Great Grandfather was only 58.

There is an entry for the purchase of a quart of brandy – to be given to the inmates dealing with the outbreak of diarrhoea. I’m sure that helped!!


My 3x Great Grandfather in law, Richard Attenborough (yes a very distant relation to Sir Richard Attenborough) died in the workhouse in 1865.

In 1851 Richard is residing in Nottingham Workhouse listed as a pauper, married, aged 36 and a plumber by profession. His wife and children are living in Leicester.

In 1858 an entry in the Admission and Discharge Book shows that Richard was admitted on Thursday 11 November 1858 being of unsound mind brought from Leicester. How he got to Leicester, when, or if he managed to meet with his wife will never be known.

The 1861 census shows that Richard is still living in at the workhouse, he is listed as Rich Attenborough, Plumber and Glazier aged 47 – position in the workhouse is no longer listed as pauper but he is now listed as insane.

Richard died in the workhouse on 26th May 1865 from diseased gums and blood poisoning – he was 50 years old.

Bolton News 24th February 2015

General Information

Burton on Trent Workhouse

Derby Union workhouse residents in 1881 – including a nurse from Australia

Southwell Workhouse

The heart break of WW1

Great Uncle Harold Scott 1896 to 1917
Articles in the Craven Herald

Article: 11 May 1917

SCOTT – April 30th 1917, killed in action in France, Gunner Harold Scott, R.F.A., elder son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Scott, Skipton, aged 21 years.

Scott, Harold in uniform-copy

We learn with regret of the death in action on April 30th, of Gunner Harold Scott, R.F.A., elder son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Scott, Skipton. He was only 21 years of age, and joined up two years ago, going out to France in January last. Previous to enlistment he was employed on the Midland Railway, and was a member of Skipton Baptist Church, and also a member of the choir. His parents formerly resided at Harewood, and for several years deceased was the head choirboy at Harewood Parish Church. Gunner Scott was a young man of much promise, and his genial disposition endeared him to a large circle of friends.

The sad news was received by the parents in the following letter, dated May lst, from Second Lieutenant E. H. Coleman:- “It is with the deepest regret that I am writing to tell you that your son was killed in action last night. I am afraid I cannot express in words the sorrow we all feel, and I can assure you that the whole Battery offers you its deepest sympathy. I am thankful to be able to tell you that his death was instantaneous, and therefore painless. He died a true soldier’s death – that is, firing his gun when a shell hit the bed and killed the sergeant, your son and another poor follow, and wounded two others. I am afraid all his personal belongings were burnt, as the shell set fire to the charges so everything was destroyed.”

Scott Harold with fiancee Eva Alderson

Harold with his fiancee, Eva

Mr. and Mrs. Scott have also received a letter of sympathy from an Army Chaplain, who mentions that their son was buried on the previous Tuesday (May 1st) in a military cemetery.

A memorial service was held at the Skipton Baptist Church on Sunday evening, at which the Rev. J. Greenwood (pastor) read a touching letter from the deceased.

Scott Harold death penny Scott, Harold medals

Article: 30 November 1917

On Tuesday afternoon a three days’ sale of work was commenced in the Baptist School, Otley Street, Skipton, in aid of the Soldiers’ Memorial Extension Fund, by means of which it is intended to extend the premises in memory of the young men associated with the place who have paid the supreme sacrifice in the war. Seventy young men belonging to the church and school are at present serving with the Colours, of whom two, H. Maudsley (deacon and Sunday School superintendent) and H. Birch have been missing since May 3rd and August 17th respectively, while the following have given their lives in the great cause:- S. Bishop, J. McIntyre, J. Duckworth, G.A. Wilson, H. Greenwood, D. Collins, B. Peel (Sunday School secretary), H. Scott, A. Bruce, J. Metcalfe, A. Gill, W. Barraclough, E. Platt and W. Ireland…

03 May 1918
SCOTT – In loving remembrance of our dear son, Gunner Harold Scott, killed in action, April 30th, 1917, aged 21 years.
“Peace, perfect peace.”
From Mother, Father, Sister and Brother, 10 Castle View Terrace, Skipton (late of Harewood).

SCOTT – To the dear memory of Gunner Harold Scott, who gave his life on April 30th, 1917, aged 21 years.
“Though death divides sweet memory clings.”
From Eva.

02 May 1919
SCOTT – In loving memory of our dear son, Gunner Harold Scott, R.F.A., killed in action April 30th, 1917, aged 21 years.
“Though death divides, sweet memories cling.”
From Mother, Father, Sister and Brother.

SCOTT – In loving memory of Gunner Harold Scott, who gave his life on April 30th, 1917.
He sleeps with England’s heroes
’Neath the watchful care of God.
Ever remembered by Eva.

30 April 1920
SCOTT – In loving memory of our dear son, Gunner Harold Scott, R.F.A., killed in action, April 30th, 1917, aged 21 years.
God will clasp the broken chain
 closer when we meet again.
From Mother, Father, Sister and Brother, and Eva.

SCOTT – In loving memory of Harold, who gave his life on April 30th, 1917.
Ever remembered by one who loved him, 13 Cowper Street, Skipton.

29 April 1921
SCOTT – In loving memory of our dear son, Gunner Harold Scott, R.F.A., killed in action April 30th, 1917.
“One of the unreturned heroes.”
From Father, Mother, Sister, Brother and Eva, The Ghyll Cottage, Embsay.

No words to add – their words say it all.



Do you have a pile of photographs carefully handed down from a member of your family? Do you know who they all are? Probably not. Sadly the beautiful sepia photos lovingly kept in that box / suitcase often are just that – photographs – with no clues as to who they might be.  But are we that much better today – how do you keep all your digital files? Are they captioned? Are they in computer folders? Is your computer backed up? Will they be lost inside your computer forever?

Maybe a task for the coming days, weeks, months is to create beautiful photo books, and / or start a cloud account with other family members having access? That way your descendants won’t be pondering over photos of unknown people in the future.

The oldest photo in my possession is of my Grandfather (b1888) and Great Grandfather (b1835) – both called Moses.  Luckily I know who they are – the photo was taken around 1900 and is on tin.

Moses and Moses c 1900

This photo is well who ??? – he looks a lovely young man whoever he is.

A Fearn?? photo taken by De Freyne, 1a Lorton Street, Liverpool

Maybe one day I will find out who he is – a letter to the local newspaper might help, I do hope so.